Policy and Party Coalitions in American Government

The nature of each party’s coalition explains each party’s lawmakers’ positions on policy issues, through lawmakers’ need for voter support (party alignment) and financial donations. Therefore, they are likely to vote on policy issues in such a way that benefits from that policy are concentrated among their constituents and benefactors and costs are dispersed among a broad base. Continue reading Policy and Party Coalitions in American Government

A History of the Now: Charles Baudelaire and Virginia Woolf

In this essay I compare the use of memory and history in works by Charles Baudelaire and Virginia Woolf, mainly focusing on Le Spleen de Paris and To The Lighthouse. I argue that they use these concepts in different manners, namely Baudelaire reflects on his observations in ‘the now’, while Woolf reflects on the events that shaped us and our continuous journey of reconciling the past with the now. Continue reading A History of the Now: Charles Baudelaire and Virginia Woolf

Death and mourning in Shakespeare’s Hamlet

In this essay I compare death and mourning in act one of Shakespeare’s Hamlet – the death of King and the appearance of his ghost, with those in 4.7 (Ophelia’s death), and 5.1 (Churchyard scene). Continue reading Death and mourning in Shakespeare’s Hamlet

Political parties and interest groups’ influence on government policy

Political parties and political interest groups are both intermediaries through which people can make their views known to government and through which they can try to influence public policy. Continue reading Political parties and interest groups’ influence on government policy

The Indelible Stamp Of Our Humble Beginnings: Darwin and Nietzsche

In The Descent of Man, Charles Darwin writes that “Man still bears in his bodily frame the indelible stamp of his lowly origin”. Here, I compare Darwin’s views to those of Friedrich Nietzsche. Continue reading The Indelible Stamp Of Our Humble Beginnings: Darwin and Nietzsche

Historical progress: Karl Marx and Gustave Flaubert

What is the role of historical progress in the ideas of Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880)? Progress can be defined as “an improvement or an advance in a desirable direction” (Rotenstreich, 1971), and thus historical progress as those advances made through historical events. Marx and Flaubert similarly use historical progress as a tool for providing us with a snapshot their respective realities, but ultimately have fundamentally different ideas about how they are represented. Continue reading Historical progress: Karl Marx and Gustave Flaubert