In this essay I compare the use of memory and history in works by Charles Baudelaire and Virginia Woolf, mainly focusing on Le Spleen de Paris and To The Lighthouse. I argue that they use these concepts in different manners, namely Baudelaire reflects on his observations in ‘the now’, while Woolf reflects on the events that shaped us and our continuous journey of reconciling the past with the now. Continue reading A History of the Now: Charles Baudelaire and Virginia Woolf
In The Descent of Man, Charles Darwin writes that “Man still bears in his bodily frame the indelible stamp of his lowly origin”. Here, I compare Darwin’s views to those of Friedrich Nietzsche. Continue reading The Indelible Stamp Of Our Humble Beginnings: Darwin and Nietzsche
What is the role of historical progress in the ideas of Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880)? Progress can be defined as “an improvement or an advance in a desirable direction” (Rotenstreich, 1971), and thus historical progress as those advances made through historical events. Marx and Flaubert similarly use historical progress as a tool for providing us with a snapshot their respective realities, but ultimately have fundamentally different ideas about how they are represented. Continue reading Historical progress: Karl Marx and Gustave Flaubert
This essay compares some of the ideas expressed by Immanuel Kant countered by those expressed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau with regard to enlightenment. More specifically, it considers whether Rousseau can be classified as an enlightenment figure according to the definition of enlightenment proposed by Kant. Continue reading Was Jean-Jacques Rousseau an Enlightenment figure?